It has been proposed to work towards the improvement of the quality of education in two Government schools in Srirangavaram village of Medchal Mandal with teaching-learning process/Pedagogy as the core theme along with other interventions that are needed for the holistic development of children studying in these two government schools. Thus, the proposed interventions in this phase include emphasizing better teacher-student ratio, creating positive learning environment in school and class through providing learning materials and teaching aids, organization of sports and cultural events, facilitating to improve enrolment and retention of School age children to pursue education in Government schools and motivating local communities and parents to differentiate the quality of education at lower costs in schools run by government rather than expensive private schools.
Rangareddy District is located in the Central Part of the Deccan Plateau and lies between 160 30′ and 180 20′ of North Latitude and 77030′ and 79030′ of East Longitudes. Medchal Mandal in Rangareddy district is located around 40 km away from Hyderabad city. Mandal has a total population of 68253, with 35039 females and 33214 male. A density of population in the mandal is 348 and the sex ratio is 948. According to 2011 census literacy rate of the district is at 66.20% comprising of 84% male and female 71.82% literacy rates. According to 2001 census, Medchal had an overall 61.59 literacy rate with 50.25% female-male 72.3% 1educated. Agriculture, Business, employment in private as well as government sectors, wage labor etc. are found to be the source of income for families in this mandal. In the recent past, the mandal has witnessed rapid development due to industrialization and real estate projects. As a consequence in search of employment, socio-economically poor families not only from other parts of the states but also from other states also migrated and settled in and around Medchal. With respect to education facilities, Medchal Mandal has 39 government primary schools and 23 private un-aided schools. In case of upper primary schools 4 government schools and 10 private un –aided schools are there and 12 government high schools and 19 private un-aided high schools are running as per 2001 census records.
About Primary Schoolon
primary school was started in the year 1947 and upgraded as high school in 1985. Both the schools were well known for their quality of education, due to change in perceptions and attitudes of parents the enrollment in these two government schools has come down. At present primary school has 24: 1 student-teacher ratio, whereas the student-teacher ratio in high school is 31: 1. Both the schools have good infrastructure facilities like separate classrooms, separate toilets for girls and boys, computer lab etc. and the school management with the support of the Grampanchayat was able to get water facility. In both schools 70% of the students belong to backward classes, 28% to SC/ST and the rest 2% belong to OC category.
Background to the project
To improve the learning levels in government schools, the government of Andhra Pradesh has been experimenting with various policy options by setting up new schools, upgrading the existing ones, recruiting new teachers etc. Despite these facilities due to proliferation of private schools in and around the village lack of proper understanding about of quality of education majority of the parents are sending their children to private schools only, now the plethora of these two government schools is that children belonging to very poor socio-economic conditions are enrolling and continuing education as a consequence children enrollment in these schools is gown down gradually. Further most of the evaluation reports have revealed that in general at primary level the students are not achieving desired levels of proficiency and subsequently the stagnation and failure of students in higher classes is high
Project Location: Srirangavaram Village, Medchal mandal, Rangareddy district.
Region/State: Andhra Pradesh Nearest City: Hyderabad, 60 km.
Project Duration: 5 years
Class vise enrollment details of High School (2013)
Class vise enrollment details of Primary School (2013)
Medium of instruction
High school has medium of instruction both Telugu and English; whereas the students in Telugu medium stream continue in their mother tongue till the completion of the high school. However in case of English medium the students who complete their education till 5th class in Telugu medium are enrolled into English medium in 6th class, sudden change in language of instruction is leading to low attainment levels of the students.
In the rural government school context, children do not have the opportunity of attending any formal Kinder Garden schools. The Government mechanism supports for nutritional and educational support of children below 6 years in Anganwadi Centres, later on, the child will be enrolled in class one in the primary school. But due to change in the trends of education, after completion of 3 years, parents are sending their children to nursery or kinder-garden schools run by private schools, later on, students continue to study in those schools only. Since in Government Schools medium of instruction in English is available from 6th Standard/class, and where students struggle to cope up with the change in medium of instruction at that level parents prefer private English medium schools. There is a huge gap with regard provision of choice to parents about the medium of instruction at nursery level, the initiative is yet to be considered by the Government. The level of preparedness of the children when they enter formal schooling is one of the aspects that has emerged as a possible area of intervention. It is felt that a formal system of ‘getting the child prepared for the formal, structured school environment’ can significantly impact the learning outcome of the children not only in class1 but in the years to come.
Government in order to make students acquainted with the usage of computers, Government has provided high schools with required infrastructure. The high school of Srirangavaram village has 10 computers with batteries and generator facilities. Computers basics are taught to children. However, integration e- technologies is learning has not yet taken place due to lack of internet facility in the school. E-learning provides students and teachers with an array of choices to engage with teaching and learning around the globe.
Adolescent girls safety
Apart from Srirangavaram village students surrounding villages also attend high school for pursuing education. Banda Madhavaram, Madhavaram, Kummarigadda villages are located around 2 km from the Srirangavaram village, these villages do not have proper approach roads on both the sides bushes and agriculture fields are there which are not safe for Adolescent girls to walk alone. It is interesting to note that these girls are very bright in studies and they belong to Families who migrated from Maharastra 10 years ago in search of work and settle here, though these families belong to SC category they did not get caste certificate in Andhra Pradesh hence they are deprived off various government benefits meant for them.